• Design and development
    On September 24, 1949, the XT-28 (company designation NA-159) was flown for the first time, designed to replace the T-6 Texan. The T-28A arrived at the Air Proving Ground, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, in mid-June 1950, for suitability tests as an advanced trainer by the 3200th Fighter Test Squadron, with consideration given to its transition, instrument, and gunnery capabilities. Found satisfactory, a contract was issued and between 1950 and 1957, a total of 1,948 were built.
    Used primarily as a trainer for the majority of it's career, the Trojan found new life when used in the COIN role. T-28s saw extensive service during the Vietnam War in VNAF hands, as well as the Secret War in Laos. They were also supplied to Congo by the CIA to support Moise Tshombe's regime. France used locally remanufactured T-28s in close-support and patrol roles in Algeria (see below). In the Philippines, T-28s, known locally as "Tora-toras", figured prominently in a series of coup de etats in the 1980s and were employed as dive bombers by rebel military forces. The T-28 Trojan was the first US attack fixed wing aircraft (non-transport type) lost in SOUTH Vietnam, during the Vietnam War. Capt. Robert L. Simpson, USAF, Detachment 2A, lst Air Commando Group, and Lt. Hoa, SVNAF, were shot down by ground fire on 28 August 1962 while flying Close Air Support (CAS). Neither crewman survived. The USAF lost 23 T-28s to all causes during the war, with the last two losses occurring in 1968.

    By 1958, the French Air Force was looking for a replacement for the aging T-6 Texans that they used in the ground attack role. They initially decided on the T-28B, however, all new T-28Bs being produced were allocated for the U.S. Navy. Fortunetly thier were 148 T-28As belonging to the USAF stored at Davis-Monthan AFB in AZ and the French arranged to acquire them. They removed the underpowered R-1300 and replaced it with the much more powerful R-1820-76A, reversed the throttle, and also added armor and several ordnance hardpoints. The majority of these modifications were accomplished by Sud Aviation in 1959. The result became known as the Fennec. The French Air Force used these aircraft in the Algerian war from 1960 to July 1962, when the war there ended. Post-war they were used to train reserve pilots until the reserves were disbanded in 1964.
    XT-28 - Prototype, 2 built.
    T-28A - US Air Force version with an Wright R-1300 Cyclone powerplant.
    T-28B - US Navy version with Wright Cyclone R-1820 powerplant.
    T-28C - US Navy version, a T-28B with tailhook for deck landing training.
    T-28D Nomad - T-28As converted for the COIN role. Re-engined as per the T-28B and C, and fitted with six underwing hardpoints. Total 393 converted - 321 by NAA, plus 72 by Fairchild Hiller.
    AT-28D - T-28Ds used for attack training by the USAF.
    Fennec - Ex-USAF T-28As refurbished and modified by Sud-Aviation in France.
    Argentine Navy, Bolivian Air Force, Brazilian Navy; Congolese Air Force, Cuban Air Force, Ecuadorian Air Force, Ethiopian Air Force, French Air Force, Honduran Air Force, Japanese Air Self-Defense Force, Royal Lao Air Force, Mexican Air Force, Royal Moroccan Air Force, Philippine Air Force, Republic of Korea Air Force, Vietnam Air Force , Royal Thai Air Force, United States Air Force, United States Navy, Uruguayan Navy.

    The last U.S. Navy training squadron to fly the T-28 was VT-27, based at NAS Corpus Cristi, Texas, flying the last T-28 training flight in early 1984. Many T-28s were subsequently sold to private civil operators, and due to their reasonable operating costs are often found flying as warbirds today.

    T-28A Trojan:
    Model: Wright R-1300
    Type: 9-Cylinder Radial Engine
    Number: One Horsepower: 800hp
    Propeller: 2 blade constant speed

    T-28B & C Trojan:
    Model: Wright Cyclone R-1820
    Type: 9-Cylinder Radial Engine
    Number: One Horsepower: 1,425hp
    Propeller: 3 blade constant speed

    T-28D Nomad:
    Model: Wright Cyclone R-1820-86 Cyclone
    Type: 9-Cylinder Radial Engine
    Number: One Horsepower: 1,425 hp

    Model: Wright Cyclone R-1820-76A
    Type: 9-Cylinder Radial Engine
    Number: One Horsepower: 1,425 hp
    Length: 32 ft 6 in
    Wingspan: 40 ft. 7 In.

    Height: 12 ft 7 in
    Wing area: 268 ft? (24.9 m?)

    WEIGHTS: T-28B
    Empty weight: 6,424 lb (2,914 kg)
    Max takeoff weight: 8,500 lb (3,856 kg)

    Maximum Speed: 346 mph
    Crusing Speed: 230 mph
    Service ceiling: 37,000 ft
    Range: 1,060 miles

    Two .50 machine guns.
    Up To 1,800 lbs. of bombs or rockets.







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